Animated timeline shows how Silicon Human Population Through Time 3 weeks ago   03:55

Tech Insider
Silicon Valley is a name that is synonymous with the technology industry, but when and how did this small area of California become the center of the tech world? The area's transformation happened gradually, over a period of more than 100 years. Here's how.

Silicon Valley is an almost $3 trillion neighborhood thanks to companies like Apple, Google, and Tesla. But it wasn't always this way.

In the late 1800s, San Francisco's port helped make it a hub of the early telegraph and radio industries. In 1909, San José became home to one of the US's first radio stations. In 1933, the Navy purchased Moffett Field to dock and maintain the USS Macon. This made Moffett Field a major hub for the early days of the aerospace industry. Many scientists and researchers all found work in the area. In 1939, the Ames Research Center was founded in the area, and it became home to the world's largest wind tunnel in 1949.

Also in 1939, William Hewlett and Dave Packard founded Hewlett-Packard in Palo Alto, which originally made oscilloscopes. Then, during World War II, HP made radar and artillery technology. At this point, computers were about the size of a room.

In the 1940s, William Shockley coinvented the transistor while at Bell Labs. The transistor is now known as the computer processor. In 1956, Shockley left Bell and founded his own company — Shockley Semiconductor Labs. It was the first company to make transistors out of silicon and not germanium. The company was founded in Mountain View, California — so Shockley could be closer to his sick mother. Shockley's company employed many recent grads of Stanford.

In 1957, eight Shockley employees grew tired of his demeanor and left the company. Shockley called the group the "Traitorous Eight." They partnered with Sherman Fairchild to create Fairchild Semiconductor. In the early 1960s, Fairchild helped make computer components for the Apollo program. Later in the decade, many of the "Traitorous Eight" left Fairchild and founded their own companies. Including Gordon Moore and Robert Noyce, who in 1968 founded their own company in Santa Clara called Intel. Soon after, other ex-Fairchild employees and "Traitorous Eight" members helped found AMD, Nvidia, and venture fund Kleiner Perkins.

In 1969, the Stanford Research Institute became one of the four nodes of ARPANET. A government research project that would go on to become the internet. In 1970, Xerox opened its PARC lab in Palo Alto. PARC invented early computing tech, including ethernet computing and the graphical user interface. In 1971, journalist Don Hoefler titled a 3-part report on the semiconductor industry "SILICON VALLEY USA." The name stuck.

In the 1970s, companies like Atari, Apple, and Oracle were all founded in the area In the 1980s, Silicon Valley became the widely accepted center of the computer industry. eBay, Yahoo, PayPal, and Google are just some of the companies founded in the area in the 1990s With Facebook, Twitter, Uber, and Tesla joining them the following decade. The growth of the tech industry in the area continues to this day.

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Comments 849 Comments

Patryk Ząbkiewicz
Seems like goverment and military projects founded the companies from the begining. No wonder why companies are so rich. Located on the edge of western civilization was good spot for communication, aero and space reasearch for a military. Computer Science is about gathering and processing information, well, that's what the intelligence agencies and spies does, right? Besides all the current technology, touch screens, tablets, smartphones, integrated circuts, transistors, LEDs etc. comes from Roswell UFO crash. All this technology was found on the extraterestrial ship and was reversed-engineered. People would never invented something like this.
terminal2004
This is a Video of BS
1:27 "The transistor is now known as the computer processor."
Even a elementary school student can tell this BS.
terminal2004
Tesla??? It's a low paying company.
Even Apple isn't very high paid.
Nandan Joshi
But why should all the tech companies want to set shop there? I'm guessing the lease rates would be sky high. And if they are just going to write a code, they can do it from anywhere they want. Why congregate in one place?
Crzy Wisfy 04
Silicon Valley
All Property Videos Dot Com with Don Wallace
Is it just me but every time i hear Silicon Valley I think of Richard and Erlich and Big Head... lol
Chef Will beats
I miss my hometown I wish my kids could experience where I grew up
Chef Will beats
Forgot uber, Adobe, avid, Twitter, Disney (Lucas arts and Pixar) Pandora, yahoo? Ibm, scandisk, turtle Beach...
Bailey Henderson
Buy frsh shld JCP instead of fear and anger towards them
Umesh Dhaked
these people know how to convert every research into money and business .
IceNicole12
I wish my parents bought property there in the 80’s.
Ricky Sakamoto-Pugh
You forgot the part where the federal government poured beaucoup bucks into early high-technology research as part of the Cold War defense machine. That they never instructed, just insinuated, how the dough should be spent contributed massively to the myths of American 'bootstrap' capitalism that dominate our understanding of the area's history today.
Bob Singhv
I thought Silicone Valley was the cleavage between a milfs tits
Aldo Rodriguez
I’ve made a good chunk of money trading most of those companies. Good bless America.
Mohameth Seck
Wish it was in the east coast
muhammad dhafin
How to make video like this?
Brandon N.
The state with14% percent of America's population and 16% of America's job growth
Mashu Nair
I got goosebumps
RideMyTruck
min 1:20 Shockley "retro-engineered" the transistor, post July 1947.
Harsh Lamba
At least I have learned something new today
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Human Population Through Time Animated timeline shows how Silicon 3 weeks ago   06:25

It took 200,000 years for our human population to reach 1 billion—and only 200 years to reach 7 billion. But growth has begun slowing, as women have fewer babies on average. When will our global population peak? And how can we minimize our impact on Earth’s resources, even as we approach 11 billion?

Download the video in HD:
http://media.amnh.org/sciencebulletins/AMNH_HumanPopulation_DOWNLOAD.mp4


Related content:

Population Connection
http://worldpopulationhistory.org/map/1/mercator/1/0/25/

UN World Population Prospects
https://esa.un.org/unpd/wpp/

Real-time population counter
http://www.worldometers.info/world-population/

NASA EarthData
https://earthdata.nasa.gov

NASA Socioeconomic Data and Applications Center
http://sedac.ciesin.columbia.edu

Video credits:

Writer/Producer
AMNH/L. Moustakerski

Animator
AMNH/S. Krasinski

Sound Design
AMNH/J. Morfoot

Scientific Advisors
AMNH/S. Macey
AMNH/J. Zichello
Center for Biodiversity and Conservation

Images
PhyloPic
David Hillis, Derrick Zwickl, and Robin Gutell, University of Texas

World Population used courtesy of Population Connection, ©2015

Other Population Data Sources
Population Connection
United Nations, “World Population Prospects: 2015 Revision”
US Census Bureau

Maps and Event Sources
Encyclopedia Britannica
Inner Asian & Uralic National Resource Center
NASA
NOAA
Needham, J. Science and Civilisation in China
TimeMaps
Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade Database

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