When Humans Were Prey The Two People We're All Related To 2 weeks ago   09:52

PBS Eons
Not too long ago, our early human ancestors were under constant threat of attack from predators. And it turns out that this difficult chapter in our history may be responsible for the adaptations that allowed us to become so successful.

Thanks to Julio Lacerda and Studio 252mya for the illustrations of the Taung Child. You can find more of Julio's work here: https://252mya.com/gallery/julio-lacerda

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References:
http://humanorigins.si.edu/evidence/human-fossils/fossils/taung-child
http://humanorigins.si.edu/evidence/human-fossils/species/paranthropus-robustus
http://humanorigins.si.edu/evidence/human-fossils/fossils/oh-8
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Berger, L. R., & Clarke, R. J. (1995). Eagle involvement in accumulation of the Taung child fauna. Journal of Human Evolution, 29(3), 275-299.
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Comments 1759 Comments

Penelope
This is interesting! I wonder if our unique adaptation to help each other and work together could also explain why when some of us see an animal, our instincts tell us "help" and "keep" rather than "kill" and "eat." Or maybe I'm just looking for an excuse to justify my pet obsession.
The Party
Am I the only one who doesn't find this evidence very convincing?
My reasons are as follows:

The remains of proto-human children were found in the bone-pits of other predators. This is the evidence which is being used as a basis for the argument that proto-humans were prey animals. While this is a plausible explanation, I don't believe that it is enough to base the entire theory on.

First, humans are omnivores and have several evolved traits to make us better predators.

Second, a child which became separated from his/ her family is easy prey, whether the child is a human, a lion or an elephant. A child which has been eaten by an animal is not proof enough that humans were prey animals.

We see in any nature documentary that a predator can quickly become prey when surrounded, injured or separated from the group. This is especially true for young animals such as lion cubs or human children.

Is there any more convincing evidence for the prey theory than what was discussed in this video?
Joe DiGiovanni IV
Luckily we have champions like Chris Hansen to keep today's predators away.
Chris Connolly
Yeah definitely glad I didn’t live during that time
Ken L
Fun fact: "fully modern" humans get eaten all the time in this era haha
Leon Leo
Why was it so hard for people to believe humans were prey. We're, relative to others, such weak animals
Anthony Beers
We still occasionally fall pray to large African predators. One look at a lion and you realized that we are out matched if caught of guard.
Raphial Lee
This is just a theory.
Eric The Red
Gotta love anthropologists. State the obvious and call it a discovery. Have you seen a tiger?
StablizdBlodd
For all the people still think nonsense:
We are related to apes, *but we don't descended from them!*
John Pratt
Bonobo monkey human ape man ,what the lol
ÅLPHÅ
We're still prey
Caitlin S
I don't understand why its revolutionary to say that hominids used to be hunted. Homo sapiens would still be hunted today if we hadn't advanced so far as to have weapons and live in houses, which in turn are located in populous cities and towns.

If a bear or tiger or crocodile catches you in their terrotity alone and unarmed these days, they are still likely to attack - and win.
Avaixus
So if our past selves were non-violent & we evolved to become violent then if we wish to evolve further we must become MORE VIOLENT!!! I think it's time for a nuclear war so we can advance human civilization
Dj Death
Bird bird bird is the word
Dj Death
where is the actual picture of the ape?! if they were so smart then they would have outlived the silverback gorilla and would still live among us now.
Jack Jammen
When? Have you swam off the coast?
GeckaliusMaximus -
Imossible.
Grok Effer
Being hunted would be a big incentive to move out of Africa, and into places where they were less recognizable as prey.
Dani Perez
Is anyone gonna explain why the other monkeys didn’t evolve with us
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The Two People We're All Related To When Humans Were Prey 2 weeks ago   09:32

Check out Two Cents: https://up-tube.com/channel/HPY8j_N8c8C1UJV3x6CE5M6j

Due to an odd quirk of genetics and some unique evolutionary circumstances, two humans who lived at different times in the distant past managed to pass on a very small fraction of their genomes to you. And to me. To all of us.

Produced in collaboration with PBS Digital Studios: http://youtube.com/pbsdigitalstudios

Super special thanks to the following Patreon patrons for helping make Eons possible:

Katie Fichtner, Aldo Espinosa Zúñiga, Anthony Callaghan, الخليفي سلطان, Gabriel Cortez, Marcus Lejon, Anel Salas, Robert Arévalo, Robert Hill, Kelby Reid, Todd Dittman, Betsy Radley, Svetlana Pylaeva, Colin Sylvester, Philip Slingerland, John Vanek, Jose Garcia, Noah offitzer, Eric Vonk, Tony Wamsley, Henrik Peteri, Jonathan Wright, Jon Monteiro, James Bording, Brad Nicholls, Miles Chaston, Michael McClellan, Jeff Graham, Maria Humphrey, Nathan Paskett, Connor Jensen, Sapjes, Daisuke Goto, Hubert Rady, Yuntao Zhou, Gregory Kintz, Tyson Cleary, Chandler Bass, Maly Lor, Joao Ascensao. Tsee Lee, Sarah Fritts, Ruben Winter, Ron Harvey Jr, Joshua Mitchell, Johnny Li, Jacob Gerke, Alex Yan

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References:
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3334592/
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