University of New Haven Move-In Day 2017 History of New Haven, Connecticut / History 1 day ago 01:57
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History of New Haven, Connecticut / History University of New Haven Move-In Day 2017 1 day ago 12:48
County: New Haven
City: New Haven
• City 129,779
• Density 6,500/sq mi (2,500/km2)
• Metro 862,477
New Haven is the second largest city in Connecticut and the seat of New Haven County. Situated on Long Island Sound about 75 miles from New York City, New Haven is both a manufacturing and educational center for Connecticut. Neighboring Waterbury is 21 miles from New Havenand situated on the Naugatuck River.
In the spring of 1638, a group of English Puritans led by Theophilus Eaton and the Rev. John Davenport, settled at the head of New Haven Bay. At first it was ruled by a "plantation covenant," but in 1639, the settlers decided to become a theocracy and to be ruled entirely by scripture. The Old Green in the center of the city was laid out by the surveyor John Brockett around 1640.
In 1664, New Haven became part of the colony of Connecticut. From 1701 to 1873, New Haven shared the title of capital with Hartford. During the Revolutionary War, New Haven supported the American cause, although there were numerous Loyalists in the city, 75 of whom had their property confiscated. New Haven was invaded by General William Tryon in 1779, but the British were repulsed before they could burn the city.
Yale College, founded in Saybrook, was moved to New Haven in 1717, where it developed into Yale University. Some of Yale's buildings are found around the Old Green, along with three churches that were built in 1814: Trinity, Center, and United. Another landmark is the Ives Memorial Library, the central library of the New Haven Free Public Library, built in 1908. The New Haven Symphony Orchestra is the fourth oldest symphony in America, having given its first performance in 1895.
Edgerton Park is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Edgewood Park began with sixty acres donated in 1889. Frederick Law Olmsted Jr. designed the layout in 1910.
In 1954, Mayor Richard Lee began his first of eight terms as Mayor of New Haven. Lee hoped to stem the emigration of the middle class, eliminate the slums and revitalize the economy. More than $300 million dollars was spent in public and private construction in renewal areas during Lee's administration.
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Yale-New Haven Hospital is the primary hospital associated with Yale University. St. Raphael's Hospital, founded in 1907, also co-operates with Yale's medical school.
However, revitalization of many areas of the city continued after Lee left office in 1969. Wooster Square, which in the 1950's was a slum, is now home to new commercial and industrial buildings and an established historic district. In 1994 The Audubon Arts Center Complex was completed. Revitalization is also occurring in Science Park, the East Shore community, the harborfront, Upper State Street and many other areas.