5 of the Coolest Partnerships Between Animals What If Every U.S. State 1 week ago   12:11

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This Valentine’s Day, send a little love to your bacterial buddies! Our microbes keep us healthy, but some bacteria give their animal companions superpowers, like immunity to poison, or even invisibility!

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Sources:

Aphids
https://www.annualreviews.org/doi/abs/10.1146/annurev.ento.43.1.17
http://web.uconn.edu/mcbstaff/graf/Aphids.html
https://www.agric.wa.gov.au/barley/aphid-feeding-damage-cereal-crops
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2974440/
https://books.google.ca/books?id=FzBs_QgihRIC&printsec=frontcover&source=gbs_ge_summary_r&cad=0#v=onepage&q&f=false
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/pdf/10.1042/BC20070135
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S105579039790419X
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3041126/
https://www.pnas.org/content/109/20/E1230/1
https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/12265071.2001.9647599
https://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/article/jgam1955/42/1/42_1_17/_article/-char/ja/

Desert woodrats
https://academic.oup.com/icb/article/57/4/723/3896233?guestAccessKey=1d5fd2a3-f361-4f95-85b2-6fba5419fa2d
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/ele.12329
https://esajournals.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1890/0012-9658(2000)081%5B2067:IDITTC%5D2.0.CO%3B2
https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fmicb.2016.01165/full
https://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/ToxProfiles/tp85-c4.pdf
https://www.jstor.org/stable/1378444?seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents
https://esajournals.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1890/0012-9658(2000)081%5B2067:IDITTC%5D2.0.CO%3B2
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1954740

Clams
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC21444/
https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/14772000.2016.1252438
https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/BF00569130
https://www.nature.com/articles/nrmicro1992
https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00114-014-1165-3
http://www.whoi.edu/feature/history-hydrothermal-vents/pdf/PLonsdaleDSRv24.pdf
https://bmcgenomics.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1471-2164-9-585

Blue-ringed octopus
https://oceanconservancy.org/blog/2017/03/13/the-blue-ringed-octopus-small-but-deadly/
https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/BF00391147
http://www.pbs.org/wnet/nature/animal-guide-blue-ringed-octopus/2177/
http://www.sfjo-lamer.org/la_mer/22-3_4/maruyama_noguchi.pdf
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0166445X1830465X
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2857372/

Bobtail squid
https://www.cell.com/current-biology/pdf/S0960-9822(08)01137-8.pdf
https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00227-003-1285-3
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3843225/
https://www.pnas.org/content/102/8/3004.short

Images:

https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:%E3%82%A2%E3%83%96%E3%83%A9%E3%83%A0%E3%82%B7_(17341041222).jpg
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:2012.10.19.-25-Mannheim_Vogelstang-Blattlaeuse.jpg
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Journal.pbio.0050126.g001.png
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:L-Tryptophan_-_L-Tryptophan.svg
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Schizaphis_graminum_usda_(cropped).jpg
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Desert_Packrat_(Neotoma_lepida)_eating_a_peanu_01.JPG
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Creosote-Bush_(4485551500).jpg
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Mojave_vista.jpg
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:1st_Place_-_Spring_Storm_in_the_Great_Basin_(7186595011).jpg
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Desert_Packrat_(Neotoma_lepida)_in_a_Century_Plant_(Agave_americana).JPG
https://www.flickr.com/photos/internetarchivebookimages/20371479442/
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Champagne_vent_white_smokers.jpg
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Muscheln_mit_Sipho_Nahaufnahme.jpg
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Bubbles_hires.jpg
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Hawaiian_Bobtail_squid.tiff
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Euprymna_scolopes,_South_shore_of_Oahu,_Hawaii.tiff

Comments 361 Comments

Rob Karmic
Maybe there are bacteria that belong to the same species as the creature that host them?


That sounds hard to understand.. But what I mean is, what if there are microbes that aren't individual lifeforms, but satellites to a multicellular host?


Why are there so few swarm species? Are the unsuccessful, or prone to collapse? Maybe it's a difficult build to replicate?
Mayur
Why random shade on Jay-Z and Beyonce or whoever..
Barbara Zhang
Aphids are the insparation for tribbles.
Ivan Ooze
born pregnant, aphids are tribbles?
Antonia
excuse me but aphids are something i think about a lot, since they're the unlikely heroes of my favourite drama, the antscanada's infestation arch
D35TR0YM4N
I was expecting a lot of "SIM-BY-OTE" comments...
Matthew Harris-Levesque
Time to start that insect diet....
Chibi Blaziken
i hate love, i love bacteria, im so conflicted
live4him4eva
Quick correction: Hawaiian bobtail squids are much larger than 3 centimeters. I would know, I actually did lab research into how the Hawaiian bobtail squids symbioses with V. fischeri and the winnowing process that the squid uses to ensure only V. fischeri colonizes its light organ. We had a couple mating pairs and they were closer to 7-8 cm.
MoonShine Co
Mojave, more like moo problem!!
Quincy Allen
so wrt the animals that house the bacteria in their cells and have it when they're born (like aphids and clams), at what point do they stop being considered separate bacteria and start being considered organelles? I'm mostly thinking of mitochondria here
alice gray marks
SciShow is darling and we love you too.
Will Kuhn
Number 5 is more camoflauge
sukekiyo6
lol "no offense to beyonce and jay-z"
Ezekiel Martin
Awww, you didn't mention mitochondria or chloroplasts!
AlexMeow bleufeline
I wonder if that's the beginning of the bacteria becoming organelles like the mitochondria.
sukanya gupta
Wow nice video on valentine dy on bact6
OceanicBloom140
Aphids are a pain in my arse
MtnTow
So basically the Bobtail Squid is a little Predator larvae?
cheea5
This was a throwback to college! I learned about literally all of these!
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What If Every U.S. State 5 of the Coolest Partnerships Between Animals 1 week ago   10:34

Today I take a look at some statistics about U.S. States, and project what some of them would be like in the case of independence.

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